Jafar Panahi - director, writer and editor. In 1995, Panahi gained attention for his film "The White Balloon", which won the Camera d'Or at Cannes, and has subsequently became one of the most important artists of the Iranian New Wave. Panahi’s films assume the humanistic perspective and discuss social issues such as child labor, discrimination against women ("The Circle", "Offside"), economic and social exclusion ("Crimson Gold"). For these reasons they are usually banned in Iran while winning numerous awards at world festivals, including the most prestigious, such as the Golden Leopard at Locarno Film Festival ("The Mirror", 1997) and the Golden Lion in Venice ("The Circle", 2000). Panahi was arrested in March 2010 and accused of fomenting protests, disseminating antigovernment propaganda and producing films without official permit. In addition to a six-year prison sentence, he is banned from making films or leaving the country for 20 years. His last film, "This Is Not a Film", filmed during his house arrest, was smuggled from Iran to the Cannes festival in 2011 on a USB drive hidden in a cake. On October 26, 2012, the European Parliament awarded Panahi and lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh the Andrei Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. (kw)